1 Samuel 10 Exegesis


The meeting at Mizpah (1 Sam 10:17-27) declares there is a sovereign God who achieves his purposes despite a rebellious people. Ben-Barak considers this section to be on par with the events of Sinai (Ex 24) and Shechem (Josh 24).[16] The tension of the entire passage is one of God agreeing to provide a king, which is in his plans, yet the motivation of the people to ask for a king, is clearly condemned. Samuel seeks to communicate the people’s rebellion as he makes clear God’s sovereign choice of Saul, their new king.[17] Critical scholarship is in consensus that this section is a continuation of chapter eight[18] many consider הַיּ֜וֹם (this day) ‘as a reference to the same day on which the request was made in the assembly’[19] (8:4-22). Goldingay believes God used compilers who merely placed various stories end to end without any concern with how they are linked.[20] Many point to the ‘deuteronomistic historian’ to have compiled this section.[21] It seems that such a view imagines an editor who is ‘particularly clumsy’.[22] It seems more likely that this section follows the previous events (9:1-10:16) where ‘the secret choice of God’ through anointing, is ‘made public’ by lot.[23] The transition from a positive light in the selection of Saul to ‘a more dim view of kingship’ that follows merely emphasises the tension desired by the author. [24]

Scroll down to the end for a link to the rest of the essay on the topic

The full question:

Provide an exegetical paper on 1 Samuel 10:17-27.


These books are ordered from the most useful to the least used resource in my research. There are a few journal articles and websites at times as well. (scroll down to the end for my essay on the topic)

1 & 2 Samuel – Firth, David G.

1, 2 Samuel – Bergen, Robert D.

The First Book of Samuel – Tsumura, David Toshio

1 & 2 Samuel: Hope for the Helpless – Reid, Andrew

1 Samuel – Klein, Ralph W.

1 & 2 Samuel: A Commentary on the Wesleyan Tradition – Mellish, Kevin

1 Samuel: Looking for a Leader – Woodhouse, John

1 and 2 Samuel – Chisholm Jr., R. B.

1 & 2 Samuel: A Commentary – Gordon, Robert P.

First and Second Samuel – Peterson, Eugene H.

1 Samuel – Phillips, Richard D.

1 Samuel: Looking on the Heart – Davis, Dale Ralph

Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Books of Samuel – Driver, S. R.

1 Samuel: A New Translation with Introduction, Notes and Commentary – McCarter, P. Kyle

1 and 2 Samuel: An Introduction and Commentary – Baldwin, Joyce G.

1 Samuel – Campbell, Antony F.

1 Samuel For You – Chester, Tim

The First Book of Samuel – Ackroyd, Peter R.

The Message of Samuel: Personalities, Potential, Politics and Power – Evans, Mary J.

A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar – Merwe, Naudé & Kroeze

1 Samuel – Murphy, Francesca Aran

New Bible Commentary – Carson, France, Motyer & Wenham

1 and 2 Samuel: The NIV Application Commentary from Biblical Text to Contemporary Life – Arnold, Bill T.

A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax – Arnold & Choi

First and Second Samuel – Brueggemann, Water

1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary – Chapman, Stephen B.

Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament – Beale & Carson

Kingship of God in Crisis: A Close Reading of 1 Samuel 1-12 – Eslinger, Lyle M.

1 and 2 Samuel for Everyone: A Theological Commentary on the Bible – Goldingay, John

A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew – Joüon & Muraoka

Dawn of a Kingdom: The Message of 1 Samuel – Keddie, Gordon J.

A Son to Me: An Exposition of 1 & 2 Samuel – Leithart, Peter J.

Introducing Biblical Hebrew – Ross, Allen P.

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