Romans 6 Exegesis


For a believer, united to Christ, there is the glorious news of freedom from death in chapter five, yet there is also mention of ‘two other “powers” of the old age’[9] (cf. Rom 5:12, 13, 20). Chapter seven deals with the law while chapter six wonderfully confronts the realm of sin.[10] It loudly proclaims there is freedom from sin’s dominion because of this transfer from one realm to the other. The transfer from the old man to the new man (6:1-14) and the old master to the new master (6:15-23).[11]

The flow of the passage can easily be seen. Verses fifteen to twenty-three follow on from what has just been previously stated (6:14)[12]. After Paul strongly denies his purported question[13] (6:15), he asks a third question employing the concepts of obedience and the dominant picture of slavery[14] (6:16). Using this analogy, he describes their change of master and what that entails (6:17-19) followed by the two slaveries contrasted and a summary statement (6:20-23). Throughout this section Paul continuously offers antithetical statements that push his point home again and again.[15]

Scroll down to the end for a link to the rest of the essay on the topic

The full question:

Provide an exegetical paper on Romans 6:15-23.


These books are ordered from the most useful to the least used resource in my research. There are a few journal articles and websites at times as well.

Romans – Harvey, John

Romans 1-8 – Dunn, James D. G.

The Epistle to the Romans: A Commentary on the Greek Text – Longenecker, Richard N.

The Epistle to the Romans – Moo, Douglas J.

A Critical and Doctrinal Commentary Upon the Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans – Shedd, William G. T.

Romans – Schreiner, Thomas R.

The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans and to the Thessalonians – Calvin, Jean

Paul’s Letter to the Romans – Kruse, Colin G.

Romans: A Commentary – Jewett, Robert

The Epistle to the Romans – Murray, John

Romans: An Introduction and Commentary – Bruce, F. F.

Romans 1-7 For You – Keller, Timothy

Romans – Mounce, Robert H.

Paul and Union with Christ – Campbell, Constantine R.

Romans – Edwards, James R.

A Commentary on Romans – Hodge, Charles

A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament – Metzger, Bruce M.

A Translator’s Handbook on Paul’s Letter to the Romans – Newman & Nida

The Message of Romans: God’s Good News for the World – Stott, John R. W.

A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans – Cranfield, C. E. B.

Questions and Rhetoric in the Greek New Testament: An Essentail Reference Resource for Exegesis – Estes, Douglas

‘From Slaves of Sin to Slaves of God’ Bulletin for Biblical Research 23/4 – Goodrich, John K.

A Greek English Lexicon – Liddell et al.

An Idiom Book of New Testament Greek – Moule, Charles Francis Digby

The Gospel as it Really is: Paul’s Epistle to the Romans Simply Explained – Olyott, Stuart

Romans: Dust to Destiny – Seccombe, David Peter

Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament – Wallace, Daniel B.

Paul for Everyone Romans Part 1 – Wright, Nicholas Thomas

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