Psalm 46 Commentary


There is a ‘present and proleptic’ ‘spirit of sturdy confidence’ in Psalm forty-six that few other psalms express as strongly. It is Luther’s favourite psalm where he took his starting point for the ‘battle-hymn, Ein’ feste Burg’. The faithful are exhorted to rely fearlessly on the LORD. There is reference to creation, the Song of the Sea and much more biblical theology. Some consider it to be one of the Songs of Zion, while others believe it to be a song of confidence. There have been many proposals for the context of the Psalm such as during the time of Johoshaphat, Ahaz or Hezekiah. Most scholars appear to concede the most likely option being Hezekiah, as the Psalm reflects some of the expressions Isaiah uses of the Assyrian invasion leading up to chapters thirty-six and thirty-seven. The persistence of scholars to determine the precise context seems unnecessary, as it could just as easily have been written by someone meditating on the LORD who has displayed his power numerous times and will do so again. Even if historical circumstances play a part in the life of the author, ‘the meaning of the psalm soars far beyond the original setting and is easily applicable to any threatening danger that calls for faith in the LORD’. The vast majority of scholars have observed the division of three relatively equal parts (vv. 1-3, 4-7, 8-11) separated by the word ‘Selah’. These three sections are closely bound together with the repetition of key words that interrelate and intensify the entire Psalm. They also assist in clarifying the central idea of the Psalm: God is a refuge upon the earth. A refuge in nature, history and forever. This paper will consider each section, sentence and clause/phrase while considering the overall picture and pastoral purpose of the text…

Scroll down to the end for a link to the rest of the essay on the topic

The full question:

Provide an exegetical paper on Psalm 46.


These books are ordered from the most useful to the least used resource in my research. There are a few journal articles and websites at times as well. (scroll down to the end for my essay on the topic)

Commentary on the Psalms: 42-89 – Ross, Allen

Psalm 1-50 – Craigie, Peter C.

Psalms 1-72: An Introduction and Commentary – Kidner, Derek

Psalms – Bullock, C. Hassell

Exposition of the Psalms – Leupold, H. C.

Psalms – Broyles, Craig C.

Psalms – Harman, Allan M.

Enhanced Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – Brown, Drive and Briggs

The Book of Psalms – DeClaisse, Rolf, Jacobson & Tanner

Psalms 1-89 – Lane, Eric

Psalms: An Introduction and Commentary – Longman III, Tremper

The Book of Psalms – Briggs & Briggs

The Message of Psalms 1-72: Songs for the People of God – Wilcock, Michael

Psalms – Grogan, Geoffrey

Psalms – Wilson, Gerald Henry

Psalms 42-106 – Boice, James Montgomery

The Psalms of the Sons of Korah – Goulder, M. D.

Psalms 1: 1-50 – Dahood, Mitchell

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